Albert Pike is famous for using allegory and metaphors to illustrate a particular point, like his use of the word pig. In fact, he referenced the word pig numerous times in his book, Morals and Dogma (1871). Now keep in mind, there are many other names for a pig; there is also swine, hog and boar, all of which were used in his book.
Needless to say, I was amazed upon discovering Pike’s usage of the animal to make his point; something I utilized while writing my book Masonry and the Three Little Pigs (2015, Early Release 1st Edition). Here is a quote from Chapter 1 of my book, which demonstrates my point:
The word pig (pigs, boar, hog and swine) symbolizes mankind’s natural self, and the conflict every man must go through in order to fully attain and maintain full enlightenment. There is no direct mention of the word pig by either Pike or Mackey, two of the primary sources used in the research of this book. Yet, a general thesaurus search found three related words that could be substituted; they are swine, hog and boar. It should also be mentioned, before an emblematic breakdown of the word pig is made, that a boar refers to a male and a sow refers to a female.
Mackey made several references to a wild boar; particularly, “Adonis gave his own portion to Venus, and lived happily with her till, having offended Diana, he was killed by a wild boar” (14). This citation established a fact already generally known, which is a boar, or a wild pig, can be a fierce animal to contend with. This view is, of course, much different than the commonly favored view looked upon today; like in the family and child friendly Disney version of the Three Little Pigs.
As well, a closer look into the relationship between Adonis and Venus revealed Adonis to be young and arrogant, which led to his downfall. You see, he did not take the advice of Venus, and was subsequently killed by the wild boar:
One day, Venus warns Adonis to beware of wild beasts, for ‘Neither youth nor beauty, nor the things which have moved Venus, move lions and bristling boars and the eyes and minds of wild beasts.’ But the boy’s ‘manly courage would not brook advice.’ He goes hunting, is gored by a wild boar, and killed (15).
Pike was much more helpful in this regard:
The Divine in human nature disappears, and interest, greed, and selfishness takes it place. That is a sad and true allegory which represents the companions of Ulysses changed by the enchantments of Circe into swine (16).
Circe was the daughter of the sun, and was best known for her ability to turn men into animals with her magical wand. In fact, Odysseus’ men were turned into pigs:
When Odysseus and his men landed in Aeaea, his crew later met with Circe and were turned into pigs. Circe’s spells however had no effect on Odysseus who earlier was given an herb by Hermes to resist her power. Circe realizing she was powerless over him lifted the spell from the crew and welcomed them in her home. After about a year when Odysseus leaves she warns them of the sirens they will encounter on their journey (17).
Furthermore, Ulysses, Roman name for Odysseus, was the King of Ithaca and was a principle leader during the Trojan War. He, of course, was the man responsible for the idea of building the Trojan horse, which eventually led to the defeat of Troy (18).
Therefore, Odysseus, or Ulysses if you will, was familiar with the ideals of subterfuge, or secrecy, as a necessary component of warfare, which he used so wisely in the Trojan War. However, while traveling home from the conflict, his men had a spell cast upon them by Circe, who turned them into pigs. Yet, Odysseus had the fortitude to take an herb given to him by Hermes.
The story of Odysseus’ encounter with Circe simply confirmed that the pig represents mankind’s weaknesses, ignorance and his impure state of existence, and that only with the help of Divinity or a godly organization, not a simple or common one, can man learn the needed tools for protecting himself from the evils of the world.
Yet, Pike had much more to say regarding the topic of the swine, he wrote:
All the Mystery should be kept concealed, guarded by faithful silence, lest it should be inconsiderately divulged to the ears of the Profane… It is not given to all to contemplate the depths of our Mysteries… that they may not be seen by those who ought not to behold them; nor received by those who cannot preserve them.” And in another work: ‘He sins against God, who divulges to the unworthy the Mysteries confided to him. The danger is not merely in violating truth, but in telling truth, if he allow himself to give hints of them to those from whom they ought to be concealed… Beware of casting pearls before swine (19)!
The swine is again depicted as possibly being devious or untrustworthy; that the swine could not be trusted with secrets. It should also be stressed at this point that the swine, or pig, is still in a state of unpreparedness to receive full enlightenment, a position every man is in until he becomes a Master Mason. But, as this book will prove later, a Mason still must fight against the evils of his natural condition even after becoming a Mason; otherwise he will surely slip back into the evils of the world, which Pike indicated as well:
Be modest also in your intercourse with your fellows, and slow to entertain evil thoughts of them, and reluctant to ascribe to them evil intentions… The evil is wide-spread and universal. No man, no woman, no household, is sacred or safe from this new Inquisition. No act is so pure or so praiseworthy, that the unscrupulous vender of lies who lives by pandering to a corrupt and morbid public appetite will not proclaim it as a crime (20).
To add to this point further, in Masonic terms, the swine is also part of a man’s purification, as was maintained in Robert Macoy and George Oliver’s Illustrated History and Cyclopedia of Freemasonry (1908), “The ram was dedicated to Jupiter, the swine to Ceres and the bull to mars. This solemn act is called lustrum condere. In Masonry it means a purification” (21).
Therefore, the pig, swine, hog or boar, represents mankind’s natural condition; perhaps laziness or greed, each man being different. This is a condition each man must be purified of if he wants to attain full enlightenment; yet a condition that remains always present.
As alluded to early, Pike mentioned the related words, swine~five times, the word hog~once and the word boar~eight times in Morals and Dogma; for a grand total of fourteen times.
And here is yet another quote from my book, which again uses a Pike quote about the swine:
Pike, as well, made reference to the Masonic principle of labor as it relates to the swine, which is also symbolized via the three pigs. But first, consider how the three pigs built their houses. The first pig built his house quickly and easily out of straw. The second pig built his almost as easily out of sticks, but the third pig took his time and labored greatly to build his house out of brick. The third pig, of course, represented the Master Mason who had completed all three degrees, whereas the first pig had only advanced to the first degree, and the second pig had only advanced to the second degree, which limited their Masonic knowledge and wisdom appreciably. To substantiate the basis for the Masonic principle on labor, or work, consider what Pike wrote:
Labor is the truest emblem of God, the Architect and Eternal Maker; noble Labor, which is yet to be the King of this Earth, and sit on the highest Throne. Men without duties to do, are like trees planted on precipices; from the roots of which all the earth has crumbled. Nature owns no man who is not also a Martyr. She scorns the man who sits screened from all work, from want, danger, hardship, the victory over which is work; and has all his work and battling done by other men; and yet there are men who pride themselves that they and theirs have done no work time out of mind. So neither have the swine (25).
Therefore, we can presume the wise mother (old sow) sent her natural (pig) and uncorrupted (three) young men into the world to labor (fortune); yet, they did not truly understand what awaited them (little). With little worldly knowledge, they joined Masonry, where they met and received guidance from another Mason (four), and were presented with Masonic principles to guide them.
Needless to say, there are many other relateable quotes from Pike’s book Morals and Dogma (1871) that were used within the book, Masonry and the Three Little Pigs (2015), which further illustrates this profound point about the pig and its relationship to Freemasonry.
So Mote It Be!!!